A Ph.D. by publication is similar to a conventional Ph.D., but recognizes research work carried out by entrepreneurial companies and academic organizations that lead to novel and publishable results.
A UNYP Ph.D. by publication usually requires a minimum of three years, during which time there should be three publications, in literature approved by the University of Bolton. These publications should be in relation to the student's thesis and area of expertise, and should develop the student’s knowledge of the subject. The award of this Ph.D. is based purely on these three published works, and as such rewards on-going activities rather than additional work.
The Ph.D. by publication is different from any other Ph.D. variation because it is based on works to be published. Publications can include papers in high impact factor journals or full international patents, and as a result this type of doctorate is extremely versatile, and can be applied to all aspects of enterprise, from business and science, through to the arts.
Students in the UNYP Ph.D. program must submit a thesis in English, and provide an oral defense of the new knowledge (philosophy) that has been generated.